Plant tissue culture is a collection of techniques used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs under sterile conditions on a nutrient culture medium of known composition. It is widely used to produce clones of a plant in a method known as micropropagation.
Advantages of Tissue Culture
- The plantlets are obtained in a very short time with a small amount of plant tissue.
- The new plants produced are disease-free.
- The plants can be grown throughout the year, irrespective of the season.
- A large space is not required to grow plants by tissue culture technique.